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Handling special characters (within the trademark)

Only identical matches of the marks registered at the Trademark Clearinghouse may be registered during the Sunrise Periods. In scope of the application at the Trademark Clearinghouse all readable supplements have to be specified. Next to the disallowed marks (e.g. those which start with a preceding period or dot) there are specifics regarding trademarks containing special characters. The Trademark Clearinghouse has set up guidelines regarding replacement, ommitance or transcribing of specific special characters.

Guidelines regarding special characters

Until now, the following guidelines regarding possible trademarks and proceedings regarding special characters have been specified by the Trademark Clearinghouse:
  • Special characters in the trademark, which may not be specified or used by the Domain Name System, may be either (a) omitted or (b) replaced by a hyphen.
  • Those special characters which may not be specified or used by the Domain-Name-System (DNS) contained within the trademark (e.g. "@" or "&") may be replaced by the matching terms in the appropriate official language of the country where the trademark has been registered.
  • Special characters, which are allowed or usable by the Domain Name System (DNS) have to be specified within the application (e.g. hyphens).
  • If the trademark contains special characters, which may be specified by the Domain Name System (DNS), the special characters have to be used within the application the Trademark Clearinghouse.
  • According to ICANN-IDN-Regulations, mixing up different IDN character sets (e.g. greek, arabic, cyrillic, chinese or japanese characters) with each other with latin characters, is not allowed. Trademarks which use mixed character sets can unfortunately not be used for a registration within the Trademark Clearinghouse register.

Possible identical labels (Domain names) for example trademarks

For a better understanding and to show some examples, we sum up a colletion of example marks and the corresponding identical replacements for you (based on a hypothetical Top Level Domain .shop).
Example Trademark
Replacement Guideline
Permitted matching identical labels for example TLD .shop
Your Mark
Replacement of spaces
your-mark.shop
yourmark.shop
Mark-Product
Persisting hyphen
mark-product.shop
Brands & Examples
(Example mark, Range of protection and registered in USA)
Replacement of restricted special characters
brandsexamples.shop
brands-examples.shop
brandsandexamples.shop
brands-and-examples.shop
Best_Mark
Replacement of restricted special characters
bestmark.shop
best-mark.shop
Latinβλεπω
IDN combination
.marke
dotmarke
Forbidden marks (with period or dot)
Mark INC
Completeness of a mark
markinc.shop
mark-inc.shop
Knipp - Trademark Agent
Completeness of a mark
Persiting hyphen
knipp-trademarkagent.shop
knipp-trademark-agent.shop
As well as for this hypothectical Top Level Domain .shop, most likely those examples will also be applicable for many other new Top Level Domains (e.g. .online, .cloud, .app, etc.), if those Top Level Domains will be accepted by ICANN.
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